2.16 Enclosed Rhyme Scheme

abba cddc effe ghhg

This is also called the sandwich or envelope poem because lines 1 and 4 sandwich or enclose lines 2 and 3. Check out the first two stanzas of Shakespeare by Matthew Arnold.

Activity: Shakespeare
By Matthew Arnold

Others abide our question. Thou art free. (a)
We ask and askā€”Thou smilest and art still, (b)
Out-topping knowledge. For the loftiest hill, (b)
Who to the stars uncrowns his majesty, (a)
Planting his steadfast footsteps in the sea, (c)
Making the heaven of heavens his dwelling-place, (d)
Spares but the cloudy border of his base (d)
To the foil’d searching of mortality; (c)

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